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News, Articles and Comment

The latest news and views in the UK Military Maritime Arena.

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88
1
Admiralty, Battle of the Atlantic, Civil-Military Relations, Convoy Operations, Diplomacy, General, Joint Forces, Leadership, Learning From The Past, Maritime Strategy, Military History, Naval History, Naval Intelligence, Naval Platforms, People, Royal Air Force, Sea Power, Second World War, Service Culture, Submarines, Uncategorized
10 minutes, 9 seconds

The Wartime Friendship Between Prime Minister Churchill and Capt J C Leach MVO DSO RN

By Matthew Wills,
08 Apr 24

Ed. Matthew Wills paints a vivid picture of Churchill’s crossing to Newfoundland for the famous August 1941 Atlantic Conference meeting with Roosevelt. The firm hand of Captain John C Leach of HMS Prince of Wales ensured a smooth crossing for this high diplomatic mission. A 10 minute read.

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159
1
Air Power, Armed Forces, Combined Arms, Command & Control, Equipment Capability, Joint Forces, Joint Operations, Leadership, Learning From The Past, Military History, Naval Gunfire Support, Naval History, Operational Planning, Royal Canadian Navy, Sea Power, Second World War, Tactics, United States Navy
6 minutes, 38 seconds

Why did the Anglo-Canadian landings on the Normandy coast on 6 June 1944 proceed in a more straightforward manner than the US operation against Omaha beach?

By OC Kellan Reed,
20 Mar 24

Ed. The author considers explanations for the disparity in casualty figures between the Allied landing zones during Operation NEPTUNE. A combination of command over-confidence, improper use of specialized equipment, and ineffective fire support are all evident. A 5 minute read.

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337
51
19th Century, Admiralty, Age of Sail, Armed Forces, Civil-Military Relations, Cold War, Combined Arms, Communications, Doctrine, Education, Geostrategy, Joint Forces, Language, Leadership, Learning From The Past, Maritime Strategy, Maritime Trade, Military History, Ministry of Defence, National Defence, Naval History, Naval Warfare, Operational Art, People, Professional Military Education, Seapower, Service Culture, Strategy, The Art of Admirality, The Naval Review, Uncategorized
18 minutes, 16 seconds

Seablindness and the Royal Navy after 1964

By Dr James W E Smith,
05 Mar 24

Ed. With his trademark dissection of the conventional wisdom, the author argues that the concept of ‘seablindness’ is merely window dressing for the fundamental misunderstanding of the principles of British national strategy that has manifested over the last 60 years. A 20 minute read.

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248
8
Admiralty, Air Defence, Anti-Submarine Warfare, Armed Forces, Cold War, Combined Arms, Doctrine, Equipment Capability, Fleet Air Arm, Force Structure, From the Archive, Joint Forces, Learning From The Past, Maritime Strategy, NATO, Naval History, Naval Platforms, Naval Staff, Procurement, Russia, Technology
17 minutes, 43 seconds

Ships of the Future Navy: A 1949 Paper by ACNS

By Capt Jeremy Stocker RNR,
27 Feb 24

Ed. Capt Stocker’s forthcoming Navy Records Society volume The Postwar Fleet is highly anticipated. Provided here is a sample document, written in 1949 by the Assistant Chief of the Naval Staff, Rear Admiral Ralph Edwards, later Controller of the Navy and then Commander-in-Chief Mediterranean. It was circulated to the First Sea Lord and other members of the Admiralty Board. The original is held at the National Archives, Kew [ADM 205/83]. A 20 minute read.

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173
Admiralty, Air Power, Anti-Submarine Warfare, Battle of the Atlantic, Combined Arms, Communications, Convoy Operations, Europe, Joint Forces, Leadership, Learning From The Past, Logistics, Maritime Strategy, Maritime Trade, Merchant Navy, Morale, Naval Aviation, Naval History, Naval Intelligence, Operational Planning, Russia, Second World War, Submarines, United States Navy
26 minutes, 54 seconds

Scattered to the Arctic Winds: The Tragedy of Convoy PQ17

By SLt James Shelley RN,
20 Feb 24

Ed. The author explores the PQ17 disaster, questioning First Sea Lord Dudley Pound’s decision to scatter the convoy in the face of Luftwaffe and Kriegsmarine threats. The principles of mission command should have left the decision to the convoy commanders. A 25 minute read.

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1319
3
Age of Sail, 19th Century, Admiralty, Amphibious Operations, Baltic, Black Sea, Combined Arms, Command & Control, Crimean War, Dockyards & Ports, Equipment Capability, First World War, Force Structure, Joint Operations, Leadership, Learning From The Past, Maritime Strategy, Naval History, Operational Art, Strategy, Technology
36 minutes, 20 seconds

The Royal Navy’s Baltic Assignments in the Crimean War (1854-55) and in the Russian Civil War (1918-1920) – Operational and Technological Insights

By Anniki Mikelsaar,
02 Feb 24

Ed. The author examines the importance of cultivating clear strategy and deploying balanced fleets in the Baltic operations of the Crimean War and Russian Civil War. In both cases the Royal Navy was engaged blockading enemy ports and striking at their harbours, frequently without direct orders from London, and with profound consequences for the national consciousness of the region. The parallels for today’s littoral operations in the Baltic and Black Sea are obvious. A 40 minute read.

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311
7
Air Power, Amphibious Operations, Armed Forces, Cold War, Combined Arms, Equipment Capability, Falklands War, General, Joint Forces, Joint Operations, Leadership, Learning From The Past, Logistics, Maritime Strategy, Military History, Naval Aviation, Naval History, Naval Platforms, Naval Warfare, Operational Art, People, Royal Fleet Auxiliary, Service Culture
47 minutes, 41 seconds

‘Too Shallow for a Ship’, Reviews and comment on Lt Col Cripsin Black’s book ‘Too Thin for a Shroud’

By Maj Gen Julian Thompson, RAdm Jeremy Larken, Lt Col Ewen Southby-Tailyour, Maj Shane Cusack, Col Mark Waring, Col Ivar Hellberg, Brig David Chaundler,
10 Jan 24

Ed. ‘NIHL RHYFEL’

In Spring 2023, Lt Col Cripsin Black’s book Too Thin for a Shroud was published. In it he defends robustly 5 Bde’s C2 and the Welsh Guards’ who were still on board the LSLs RFA Sir Galahad and Sir Tristram on 8 June 1982 when they were attacked by the Argentinian Air Force during the Falklands conflict. Over 40 years after the event the opportunity for many, both Green and Navy Blue involved in these events no longer exists, however, the authors of the following  article layout the reasons why they seriously disagree with the book’s suggestions. The Naval Review is an ideal place to hold this rebuttal on record for the benefit of those that wish to study Operation CORPORATE, Amphibious Operations and the fog of war (nihl rhyfel). The following is a review essay dissecting Black’s claims. A 50 minute read.

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372
Air Defence, Air Power, Fleet Air Arm, Indo-Pacific, Leadership, Learning From The Past, Naval Aviation, Naval History, Naval Intelligence, Naval Platforms, Naval Tactics, Naval Warfare, People, Sea Power, Second World War, Service Culture
53 minutes, 4 seconds

Admiral Tom Phillips and the final command of Force Z

By Bruce Pascoe,
05 Jan 24

Ed. In an impressive and no-holds-barred investigation into the command decisions that led to the destruction of Force Z, reflecting on a tragically recurring and lethal combination of command over-confidence and staff obsequiousness, the author catalogues a cascade of failures that at innumerable stages were all too predictable. A 50 minute read.

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364
19th Century, Admiralty, Leadership, Learning From The Past, Napoleonic Wars, Naval History, People, Service Culture
10 minutes, 7 seconds

The Origins of Trafalgar Night and Pickle Night

By Peter Hore,
15 Dec 23

Ed. The expert author explores the centuries-old history of Trafalgar Night celebrations, and the rather more recent Pickle Night tradition. A 10 minute read.

 

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